Understanding The 6 Stages Of Grief - Joshua York Legacy Foundation

Understanding The 6 Stages Of Grief

Feb 14, 2023 | Blog | 0 comments

6 stages of grief

The loss of a loved one can be a traumatic event that leaves us feeling confused, overwhelmed, and in shock. During this time of grief, we naturally experience a range of emotions that can make it hard to cope with our sadness.

In order to better understand and manage the grieving process, it’s helpful to know about the 6 stages of grief. This blog post will explore each stage and provide helpful tips on how to work through them. Let’s begin with a brief overview of the 6 stages of grief.

The 6 Stages Of Grief

Elisabeth Kübler Ross and David Kessler revolutionized how we understand the stages of death and grief with their books On Death and Dying (1969) and On Grief and Grieving (2005). Their insight has been a source of comfort for countless people, providing wisdom to those struggling to cope with their own emotions as well as understanding others’ suffering. Today, these teachings continue to bring solace in times of crisis.

What Are The 6 Stages Of Grief?

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Below, we discuss the 6 stages of grief in detail:

  • Stage 1: Denial

  • Stage 2: Anger

  • Stage 3: Bargaining

  • Stage 4: Depression

  • Stage 5: Acceptance

  • Stage 6: Reconstruction/Moving On


Denial is a critical part of the mourning process because it allows you to come to terms with your loved one’s passing. Acknowledging death doesn’t mean that you forget or ignore their existence, but rather that you recognize they will not return in physical form and are learning how to continue living without them.

During this stage, it’s not unusual to experience intense emotions such as disbelief, shock, and numbness. You may feel like you are living in a nightmare or that something so heartbreaking couldn’t be happening to you. Denial plays an important role by helping ease the pain of the loss and giving you time to comprehend what has occurred.

Initially, it is not uncommon to be in denial following the sudden death of someone you loved. This feeling of disbelief may persist for days or weeks; however, as you work through the grieving process and acknowledge your loss, this state will eventually dissipate.


After the denial starts to fade, anger is usually the next stage of grief. This can take many forms, including feeling angry about your loved one’s death or feeling angry at yourself for not having done more to help them before they died. You may even find yourself venting that anger at people who are still alive, such as family and friends.

Anger can be a difficult emotion to manage since it often leads to guilt and regret. It’s important to remember that these feelings are normal during this time, and it’s okay to express your emotions in a healthy way. Talking with someone you trust or writing down your thoughts in a journal can be great ways to release some of the built-up emotions.


The bargaining stage is about trying to make a “deal” with the universe in exchange for your loved one coming back. This stage can manifest in different ways, such as wishing you had been able to do something differently or feeling like if you change certain aspects of your life, then maybe they will return.

Bargaining is usually cyclical and can be hard to break out of since it makes you feel like there is still some sort of control over the situation. It’s important to remember that although it may feel like nothing else matters in this moment, there are other people who care about you and need your support during this time too.


Depression is a natural part of the grieving process and can last for weeks, months, or even years after someone has died. During this stage, it’s common to feel intense sadness and loneliness as well as difficulty sleeping, eating, and concentrating. You may also find yourself withdrawing from friends and family who are trying to reach out to you during this time.

Grief depression isn’t something that you have to go through alone; there are many resources available such as grief support groups, counseling, and therapy, that can help you work through your emotions in a healthy way.


Acceptance is a stage that is usually marked by a shift in perspective. Instead of feeling like you can’t move on, you start to accept that life will never be the same again. It’s not about forgetting your loved one or giving up; it’s about understanding that they are no longer here and finding ways to live a fulfilled life in their absence.

Acceptance doesn’t necessarily mean you have to be happy all the time; it simply means that you acknowledge what has happened and start taking steps toward rebuilding your life without them.

Reconstruction/Moving On

In his book, David Kessler wrote that finding meaning beyond the stages of grief most of us are familiar with can transform grief into a more peaceful and hopeful experience.

The reconstruction phase, sixth stage, is about rebuilding your life after loss and learning how to live without your loved one by your side. This stage may involve working through unresolved emotions, creating new memories to honor them, and finding ways to cope with the pain.

It’s important to remember that dealing with a devastating loss ongoing process. There will be times when you feel happy and other times when you feel sad; both are normal parts of the grieving experience. As you move through this phase, focus on taking care of yourself, doing what works for you, and being gentle with yourself as you learn how to live without them.

Ways To Cope With Grief

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Listen To Yourself

Listening to yourself during this time is extremely important. It’s okay to be angry, sad, confused, or frustrated; all of these emotions are normal after experiencing such a tragic loss. Give yourself permission to express your feelings, and don’t be too hard on yourself if you feel overwhelmed at times.

Connect With Others

Reaching out to family and friends can help you get through this difficult period. Talking with someone who has experienced a loss themselves can be especially helpful since they understand what you’re going through.

If there isn’t anyone close by who can support you, consider joining an online grief support group or attending local events such as candlelight vigils for those mourning the loss of their loved ones.

Find Healthy Ways To Cope With Stress

Grief can be exhausting and overwhelming, so it’s important to find healthy ways to cope with the stress. Try activities such as yoga, meditation, or even just taking a walk outside; anything that helps you relax and clear your head.

You might also want to consider talking to a therapist or counselor if you need additional help navigating your emotions during this time.

Take Time For Yourself

It can be hard to take time for yourself when you’re grieving, but it’s an essential part of the healing process. Spend some time doing something you enjoy, whether it’s reading a book, watching a movie, or just taking a nap. Do whatever brings you peace and joy, even if it’s just for a few minutes each day.

Honor Their Memory

In the wake of loss, finding ways to honor your loved one can be incredibly healing. You might want to visit their grave or look through old photos; anything that helps keep their memory alive is beneficial. You could also think about creating a special memorial in their honor, such as planting a tree or making donations to causes they cared about.

Ways To Comfort Someone Who Is Grieving (What To Say And Do)

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Grieving can be a lonely experience, so it’s important to remember that simple acts of kindness and understanding can make a big difference. Here are some ways you can support someone who is going through the grieving process.

1. Listen To Them

One of the best things you can do is just listen; let them talk about their loved one and share stories or memories if they want to. You don’t need to say anything in particular; simply being there for them and listening without judgment is incredibly valuable.

2. Offer A Hug Or Touch

Physical contact can help comfort grief-stricken people, so consider offering a hug or gentle touch when appropriate. Just make sure they are comfortable with it first; not everyone responds to physical touch in the same way, and some people may prefer not to be touched during this time.

3. Send A Card Or Note

Writing a card or note can be a great way to show your support from afar. Let them know that you’re thinking about them and are there for them if they need anything. Keep it short but sweet; something like “Sending love and hugs, I’m here for you when you need me” is usually enough.

4. Do Something For Them

It can be difficult for those grieving to ask for help, so try doing something nice without being asked. Consider offering to pick up groceries, run errands, or simply checking in regularly to make sure they’re doing okay. It can mean a lot for someone to know that people care about them during this difficult time.

5. Remind Them That They Are Not Alone

Remind your loved one that you are there for them and that they don’t have to go through it alone. Offer words of encouragement and let them know that their grief is valid and normal; most importantly, remind them that this too shall pass and things will eventually get better.


Grief is a normal part of life, and everyone deals with it differently. It’s important to remember everyone experiences grief differently and that there is no “right” or “wrong” way to grieve; all that matters is that you allow yourself the time and space to process your emotions in whatever ways feel right for you.

Try to be gentle with yourself during this time and find healthy ways to cope; focus on self-care activities and remember that your grief is valid. If you need additional help, don’t hesitate to reach out for support.

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